Sub-Theme 18: The Entrepreneurial Other: Exploring Marginality and Resilience in Neo-colonial, Post-truth Times
Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland.
University of Massahusetts, Boston, USA.
Kingston University, UK.
Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland.
Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Argentina.
Call for papers
The concept of resilience has emerged relatively recently and has been receiving increasing attention, including in entrepreneurship (e.g., Bakas, 2017; Bernard & Barbosa, 2016; Kawharu, Tapsell, & Woods, 2017; McInnis-Bowers, Parris, & Galperin, 2017; Williams & Vorley, 2014). While we echo calls in the entrepreneurship literature to address resilience (e.g., Corner, Singh & Pavlovich, 2017; Shepherd & Patzelt, 2015), we do so espousing critical perspectives that articulate contributions from global South knowledge to understanding entreprenurship in its socio-economic and historical context.
At the same time, the normalization of recent assaults on human rights, social concerns, immigration, and refugees (i.e., ‘the Other’) under president Trump and other global authoritarian regimes invite us to re-connect with organisational narratives taking shape at the periphery of dominant neo-colonial discourses. That is, there is limited knowledge about and understanding of what is taking place at the margins of this new world order and a dearth of empirical engagement with ‘the Other’ (Espinosa Miñoso, 2009). As a result, we know little about how ‘the Other’ construct organisations, narrate their experiences, and assemble their social world in the context of their marginalized economic, socio-cultural and historical location. We know little about their entrepreneurial resilience and resistance that challenges their status quo as precarious and marginal beings.
In many ways, the very knowledge and practices of ‘the Other’ in the context of neo-coloniality reflect a resilience and resistance against “epistemic violence” or erasure (Spivak, 1988). As noted by Ibarra-Colado (2008), many indigenous communities in the global South have learned how to survive in the worst conditions and how to create something from nothing; this is the real art of resilient entrepreneurship and organizing/provisioning of resources. This is, in part, what others in the field are calling to be addressed, not only from a Eurocentric location/view but also from the global South margins where most of these entrepreneurial acts take place.
Knowledge about entrepreneurship is not just produced by academics situated in the West; the diverse voices and knowledges produced from the perspective of Otherness remains in the margins of the global South. Thus, being interested to explore the possibilities and potentialities of analyses developed within and/or for the global South, this stream advocates for the voices of indigenous communities and the entrepreneurial knowledge they produce to be visible in the critical narrative of entrepreneurship. Likewise, in advocating a move away from knowledge produced in the West and applied to the Rest (Özkazanç-Pan, 2008), along with such knowledge production being overly influenced by the English language, this stream seeks to foreground knowledge coming from the margins of organization studies and captured in languages other than English.
Decolonizing and demystifying the organization, work and enterprise experiences of ‘the Other’ becomes a necessity if we are to break the mechanical transfer of organisation and business knowledge from the West (Ibarra-Colado, 2008). Providing space for a different kind of knowledge or epistemology about organizations, entrepreneurship and other organized forms of activity in the context of business and from the perspective of ‘the Other’ will serve to strengthen critical approaches in and for organization, along with expanding our theoretical basis for discussing other experiences that can inform back our field of research.
With both the above and the overarching theme as context, and by way of becoming more aware of the richness of the knowledge produced in and about the global South, we welcome submissions (conceptual, empirical) that may reflect one or more of the following areas, which are by no means exhaustive:
“Indigenous” knowledge, conceptualizations and practices of entrepreneurship and resilience;
Critical perspectives of/on entrepreneurship coming from the global South;
Historical and critical analyses of entrepreneurship coming from the global South;
Examinations of the processual and historical nature of entrepreneurial resilience and how it unfolds over time;
Sustainability practices and contributions to community resilience by entrepreneurs in the global South;
The intersections of gender and other relations of difference for entrepreneurs’ contribution to community resilience;
Knowledge of entrepreneurship produced / emerging from below / the margins;
Questioning Western interpretations to embrace new, non-Western conceptualizations of entrepreneurship;
Re-writing entrepreneurship narratives of ‘the Other’ where they are the protagonists in challenging the ways in which they are perceived and portrayed within colonialist and neo-colonialist organization discourses.
Bakas, F. E. (2017). Community resilience through entrepreneurship: The role of gender. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 11(1), 61–77.
Bernard, M-J., & Barbosa, S. D. (2016). Resilience and entrepreneurship: A dynamic and biographical approach to the entrepreneurial act. M@n@gement, 19(2), 89–123.
Corner, P. D., Singh, S., & Pavlovich, K. (2017). Entrepreneurial resilience and venture failure. International Small Business Journal. DOI: 10.1177/0266242616685604.
Espinosa Miñoso, Y. (2009). Etnocentrismo y colonialidad en los feminismos latinoamericanos: Complicidades y consolidación de las hegemonías feministas en el espacio transnacional. Revista Venezolana de Estudios de la Mujer, 14(33), 37–54.
Ibarra-Colado, E. (2008). Is there any future for critical management studies in Latin America? Moving from epistemic coloniality to ‘trans-discipline’. Organization, 15(6), 932–935.
Kawharu, M., Tapsell, P. & Woods, C. (2017). Indigenous entrepreneurship in Aotearoa New Zealand: The takarangi framework of resilience and innovation. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 11(1), 20–38.
McInnis-Bowers, C., Parris, D. L., & Galperin, B. L. (2017). Which came first, the chicken or the egg?: Exploring the relationship between entrepreneurship and resilience among the Boruca Indians of Costa Rica. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 11(1), 39–60.
Özkazanç-Pan, B. (2008). International management research meets “the rest of the world”. Academy of Management Review, 33(4), 964–974.
Shepherd, D. A., & Patzelt, H. (2015). The ‘heart’ of entrepreneurship: The impact of entrepreneurial action on health and health on entrepreneurial action. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 4, 22–29.
Spivak, G. C. (1988). Can the subaltern speak? In C. Nelson & L. Grossberg (Eds.), Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture (pp. 271–313). Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Williams, N., & Vorley, T. (2014). Economic resilience and entrepreneurship: Lessons from the Sheffield City Region. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development: An International Journal, 26(3-4), 257–281.