Sub-Theme 10: Organizational Upgrading and the Diffusion of International Standards in Emerging Markets
Gerald A. McDermott
Darla Moore School of Business
University of South Carolina, USA & Senior Research Fellow
IAE Business School, Argentina
CIECTI & FLACSO Argentina
Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences Scuola Normale Superiore, Italy
Department of Economics and Management
University of Pisa, Italy
University Roma Tre, Italy and
Call for papers
Over the past 15 years, scholars and practitioners alike are increasingly confronting a critical problem affecting the competitiveness and the integration of emerging market countries in global markets. While the mechanisms of globalization, such as global value chains and FDI have exposed emerging market industries to strong incentives to implement international standards, there is significant variation, if not outright exclusion, in the ability of local firms to adopt them, be they standards for products, processes, labor conditions, environment or even food safety, just to name a few. This sub-theme seeks to explore the different mechanisms shaping the dissemination and implementation of international standards and norms in emerging market industries. In doing so, it will offer a unique opportunity for researchers from a variety of fields and regions of the world who rarely interact to engage and learn from one another about this common research theme.
For instance, a cursory review of the literatures ranging from innovation and technology upgrading in clusters and global value chains (GVCs) to sustainability and corporate social responsibility reveals scholars seeking to identify the roles of such actors as MNCs and their subsidiaries, networks of local SMEs, INGOs, civic associations, and public-private industry support agencies. At the same time, these scholars are attempting to identify the conditions under which the different types of international standards can be widely adopted by local firms in contexts of both weak market institutions and weak state institutions. The body of research, in turn, offers insights into international business and organizational change in two ways. First, the research seeks to identify the distinct combinations of strategies the different public and private actors, domestic and foreign, use to facilitate or impede the acceptance and broad based implementation of critical standards and norms, be they for core business processes or broader social benefits. Second, the research gives critical insight into the mechanisms of organizational and institutional evolution, often revealing new consideration about the interaction between transnational and domestic forces.
This sub-theme, in turn, invites papers examining the diffusion and implementation of international standards in emerging market countries that could include, but not limited to, such empirical issues as: the upgrading of firms to become exporters or suppliers in GVCs, the roles of MNCs in technology and standards diffusion, the roles of MNCs, INGOs and IOs in creating sustainable practices and improved work and social conditions, as well as the roles of market and non-market actors to establish new industry regulations and support institutions for both firms and relevant stakeholder groups.
Reflecting the nature of this sub-theme, the organizing committee is composed of scholars from a variety of disciplines and countries but who together have substantive research experience on these issues across a large number of emerging market countries, especially in Latin America and East Europe.